Project Description

In reviewing process, Iranian Review for UN Studies (IRUNS)

After giving itself jurisdiction to hear the case of the 1955 Treaty of Amity between Iran and the United States and the case of the Frozen Iranian Assets, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) took a step towards substantive competence (Merits) of such cases. Once a substantive verdict is issued in favor of Iran in these two cases, both parties shall be required to comply with its terms according to international rules and law, and the enforcement (sanction) for such a verdict shall include a range of measures such as countermeasures, retaliatory actions, public opinion, and other UN enforcing measures. Also, according to its violation of the 1955 Treaty of Amity, the US shall have to return things to their previous state (i.e. removing the sanctions it re-imposed) and pay compensation to the Islamic Republic of Iran. On the other hand, Iran shall be required to avoid any tension-building actions capable of further complicating the matter until a substantive verdict is passed.